Education

UNDERSTANDING LAND SIZES AND MEASUREMENT

Most people who purchase land don’t really understand the meaning of these Real Estate terms. As a potential buyer wishing to buy a land or build a new house you must be conversant with a few of these figures. The first hurdle is to understand the system of Land measurement in Nigeria.

In Nigeria today, Land is measured in Hectares, Acres, Meters and Feet. These measurements are affected by factors, which include development pattern, human and environmental factors.

Let’s start by asking what is the size of a standard plot in Nigeria?

According to the dictionary meaning of a plot: A plot is a marked out piece of Land for the purpose of building or farming. The word ‘plot’ is an arbitrary term used to describe a land division carved out for property development.

The size of a plot can vary for different reasons but according to Nigeria’s land division, the appropriate plot for a house construction is 50 x 100ft / 15.24 ร— 100.48 meters or (18.3m x 36.6m i.e. 669.78 sqm) which can accommodate a standard house with a small compound. To better understand land divisions used in Nigeria, different units of area are used as follows:

HECTARE

A hectare is one of the least known metric units and one which potential buyers and Estate developers seem to struggle with –

It is a land measuring:
๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿฟ100m x 100m OR
๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿฟ328ft x 328ft OR
๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿฟ10,000 sqm OR
๐Ÿ‘‰๐ŸฟTwo and half acres OR
๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿฟ15 plots.

ACRE

An Acre is a standard unit of measurement used by Land sellers and it is almost equivalent to the size of a standard football field. An Acre is a product of any rectangular plot of land giving a total of:

๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿฟ4,046sqm OR
๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿฟ43,560 sq ft OR
๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿฟ6 plots (each measuring 60ft x 120ft 18.288 ร— 36.576 meters )

PLOT

In Lagos State, the standard size of a plot is 60ft x 120ft (18.3m x 36.6m i.e. 669.78 sqm), while in some other cities of the country, plots are measured in 50ft x 100ft (15.24 ร— 30.48 meters)

HOW TO UNDERSTAND LAND TITLE AND DOCUMENTS

SURVEY PLAN

A Survey plan is a document that measures the boundary of a parcel of land to give an accurate measurement and description of that land. The people that handle survey issues are Surveyors and they are regulated by the office of the Surveyor general of the state as it relates to survey issues in the state. A survey plan must contain the following information:

  1. The name of the owner of the land surveyed
  2. The Address or description of the land surveyed
  3. The size / area of the land surveyed
  4. The drawn out portion of the land survey and mapped out on the survey plan document
  5. The beacon numbers
  6. The surveyor who drew up the survey plan and the date it was drawn up
  7. Seal of the Surveyor signing the document

EXCISION

Land Use Decree on the 28th of March, 1978 that vested all lands in every state of the Federation under the control of the State Governors. The Land Use Act coupled with other laws made it possible for the Governor who was now the owner of all lands in the state to actually have the power to Acquire more lands compulsorily for its own public purpose to provide amenities for the greater good of the citizens.

Fortunately, the government recognizes that indigenes of different sections of the country have a right to existence . . . a right to the land of their birth. Hence, it is customary for state government to cede a portion of land to the original owners (natives) of each area.

An Excision means basically taking a part from a whole and that part that has been excised, will be recorded and documented in the official government gazette of that state.

GAZETTE

A Gazette is an Official record book where all special government details are spelt out, detailed and recorded

A gazette will show the communities or villages that have been granted excision and the number of acres or hectares of land that the government has given to them. It is within those excised acres or hectares that the traditional family is entitled to sell its lands to the public and not anything outside those hectares of land given or excised to them.

A Gazette is a very powerful instrument the community owns and can replace a Certificate of Occupancy to grant title to the Villagers. A community owning a gazette can only sell lands to an individual within those lands that have been excised to them and the community or family head of that land has the right to sign your documents for you if you purchase lands within those excised acres or hectares of land.

DEED OF ASSIGNMENT

A Deed of Assignment is an Agreement between the Seller of a Land or Property and a Buyer of that Land or property showing evidence that the Seller has transferred all his rights, his title, his interest and ownership of that land to that the Seller that has just bought land.

The Deed of Assignment has been exchanged between both parties, it has to be recorded in the land registry to show legal proof that the land has exchanged hands and the public should be aware of the transaction. Such recorded Deed of Assignment come in the form of either a Governor’s Consent or Registered Conveyance

CERTIFICATE OF OCCUPANCY

A Certificate of Occupancy (C of O) issued by any state State Government in Nigeria officially leases land to you, the applicant, for 99 years. As already indicated above, all lands belong to the Government.

A C of O however is the officially recognized Document for demonstrating Right to a Land.
What happens after 99 years? That question is still subject of debate among experts. Most have adopted a wait-and-see attitude. Others postulate that as the new owner of the land, you the buyer, can renew the certificate of occupancy when it expires. That makes sense, but for now is largely a case of we shall see.
[11:59 AM, 5/6/2022] +234 808 087 6514: When TV came to my house. I forgot how to read books. When the car came to my doorstep, I forgot how to walk. When I got the mobile in my hand, I forgot how to write letters. When computer came to my house, I forgot spellings When the AC came to my house, I stopped going under the tree for cool breeze. When I stayed in the city, I forgot the smell of mud. By dealing with banks and cards, I forgot the value of money. With the smell of perfume, I forgot the fragrance of fresh flowers. With the coming of fast food, I forgot to cook traditional cuisines. Always running around, I forgot how to stop. And lastly when I got whatsapp, I forgot how to talk.
When we die, our money remains in the bank.

Yet, when we are alive, we don’t have enough money to spend.

In reality, when we are gone, there is still a lot of money not spent.

One business tycoon in China passed away. His widow, was left with $1.9 billion in the bank, and married his chauffeur.
His chauffeur said:-
“All the while, I thought I was working for my bossโ€ฆ it is only now, that I realise that my boss was all the time, working for me !!!”

The cruel reality is:
It is more important to live longer than to have more wealth. So, we must strive to have a strong and healthy body, It really doesn’t matter who is working for who.

In a high end hand phone, 70% of the functions are useless!
For an expensive car, 70% of the speed and gadgets are not needed.
If you own a luxurious villa or mansion, 70% of the space is usually not used or occupied.
How about your wardrobes of clothes?
70% of them are not worn!

A whole life of work and earningโ€ฆ
70% is for other people to spend.

So, we must protect and make full use of our 30%.
Go for medical check-ups even if not sick.
Drink more water, even if not thirsty.
Learn to let go, even if faced with grave problems.
Endeavour to give in, even if you are in the right.
Remain humble, even if you are very rich and powerful.
learn to be contented, even if you are not rich.
Exercise your mind and body, even if you are very busy.
Make time for people you care about

        Please Forward this To Everyone Whom You Care about 
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